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Paprika and risk factors Of cardiovascular disease-Effect on blood vessels!

Paprika and risk factors Of cardiovascular disease of chilli  


Paprika and risk factors Of cardiovascular disease-Effect on  blood vessels!
Paprika and risk factors Of cardiovascular disease-Effect on  blood vessels!   


Chilli has been recorded for the first time about 7,000 BC in Mexico. The discoverer is Christopher Columbus, who discovered America.

Chilli is a seasoning used throughout the world, especially Southeast Asia. under And in Thailand, Thai people consume chilli to increase the taste of food for many generations Therefore found that chilli is an important component of Thai

   chilli food. English may use chilli, chilli pepper, red pepper, cayene pepper
or capsicum which is derived from the Greek word "c apso " which means spicy That gives a spicy, called " capsicin "

Is a hydrocarbon substance In which Thai paprika has the amount of capsaicin in the range of 0.34-0.38 percent (per dry weight). Capsaicin is distributed in all parts of the chilli fruit.

But the most common part That means the most spicy part is the placenta. Or the filling part of the chilli, which is the island of pellets The pellets and the shell of chilli With less Capsaicin content

Capsaicin can be dissolved in the substance. Dissolve the alcohol, ether and fat but not dissolve in water
Which shows when we eat chilli and feel hot If drinking water will not be spicy, but if drinking milk or drinking beer

Will make the spicy cured better than the effects of chilli and capsaicin, in addition to spicy, it also has properties to help relieve pain Reduce inflammation of Muscles and joints Which currently has leaders To make gel for muscle pain In addition, Capsaicin There is also an increase in movement. Of the digestive system And interesting is the effect on the cardiovascular system and risk factors for cardiovascular disease


Effect of chilli  on the expansion of blood vessels 


Capsaicin can inhibit the contraction of blood vessels. Resulting in the expansion of blood vessels, resulting in more blood to the skin area


Effect  of chilli on platelet aggregation


if platelets are easily clustered Or more commonly, will increase the risk of heart disease more Because the blood is able to clot and may block blood vessels, especially the coronary arteries Will cause ischemic heart disease Have in vitro studies Capsaicin can reduce platelet aggregation.

And in the study, people found that when eating 5 grams of fresh chilli, finely chopped with 1 glass of water, then measured the platelet aggregation value after eating immediately until 1 hour after eating.

 Blood away Which results in 30 minutes after eating chilli Moreover, in a long-term study, 4 weeks, people eat 5 grams of hot pepper per day with normal food. Found that after eating 4 weeks, the platelet aggregation also extended the time


Effect of chilli  on fibrinolysis (fibrinolysis)

If there is a disorder of fibrinolysis With less blood clotting or blood clotting than normal, resulting in more risk of heart disease .

 Because there is a blood clot to block the coronary artery if obstructing the blood vessels in the brain It may be a paralysis that capsaicin affects fibrinolysis Studies ago there was a medical student of Thailand eat paprika 2 tablespoons with noodles made with fibrinolysis increase (. By measuring Euglobulin Lysis Time) which results immediately after eating .

Also found that fibrinogen (Which is important in the process of stopping the blood) if there is a large amount Will increase the risk of heart disease .

According to the study, it was found that Thai people had lower blood glucose levels than those of Americans living in Thailand.

 For the study, the authors studied blood clot dissolution by measuring one enzyme in the fibrinolytic process.

Named tissue plasmenogen Tissue plasminogen activator; TPA from epidemiological studies found that In patients with cardiovascular disease, the number of TPA is more than normal.

When the study was conducted, the sample of 12 people took 5 grams of fresh chilli and then drilled blood to see the enzyme TPA.

It was found that the amount of TPA decreased significantly within 30 minutes after eating. Fibrinolysis


Effect on blood lipid levels 

Studies have shown that chilli and capsaicin can inhibit fat absorption and reduce lipid serum lipid levels in mice.

From  from the study by allowing mice to eat foods that are high in fat In order to increase blood lipid levels (including cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL and LDL ) and when giving chilli and capsaicin to the blood lipid level Thereafter, there were studies that found Capsaicin.

chilli reduce body fat production as well ,

For the study of the author This study was conducted in patients with high blood cholesterol and then divided the group to eat 5 grams of hot pepper together with normal food for 4 weeks, compared with the control group, not eating chilli. DL (LDL) and HDL (HDL) in the group that does not eat more chilli But in groups that eat chilli, fat, cholesterol, total LDL (LDL) does not change but higher HDL (HDL)



Effects of chilli  on energy metabolism (energy expenditure)


A study in Japan found that eating 10 grams of chilli helps increase the body's metabolic rate. Which occurred quickly within 30 minutes, which was consistent with the author's study, which found that after eating 5 grams of hot pepper, the rate of energy metabolism was instantaneous and high for 30 minutes.

Why do we feel hot after eating chilli?


Effect  of chilli on blood sugar changes 


Previously, studies in animals showed that Capsaicin inhibits glucose absorption and in the study of the author is Human Education In  this study, 10 groups of menopausal women studied blood sugar comparisons.

By drinking 75 grams of glucose, first drink only sugar Then drilled the blood at the time before eating and after eating at 15, 30 and 60 minutes.

After that one day, drink the same glucose as the first day.

But eaten together with chilli and drilled blood at the same time and then compared Blood sugar after drinking sugar with chilli 30 minutes is lower than blood sugar that does not consume about 20 percent chilli (see Figure 1). It should be concluded that chilli may affect blood sugar reduction within 30 Minutes after eating chilli .
 


Small chilli But has more medical value than the shape that people see in the "small,"



Chilli: Herbal health supplement from Thai kitchen


Thai people are familiar with the spicy taste of chilli for a long time. And not only Thai people who like spicy taste Foreigners like the spicy taste of chilli.

On average, Thai people eat about 8 kilograms of pepper per person per year.
Chilli produced in Thailand, 80%, processed in industrial sectors such as sauces, chilli powder, chilli powder, etc. 20% is used for consumption in chilli households.

In addition to increasing the taste of delicious food In medical terms, chilli is considered an important medicinal plant.

Therefore,

 there are many medical research related to chilli. For example, the chilli gel products of the Thailand Institute of Scientific and Technological Research (TISTR) and the Government Pharmaceutical Organisation Including balm, chilli, OTOP products of each locality as well


Know pepper varieties 


Paprika and risk factors Of cardiovascular disease-Effect on  blood vessels!
Paprika and risk factors Of cardiovascular disease-Effect on  blood vessels!   


The original origin of chilli is in South America. Which has a history of using chilli for thousands of years before Christopher Columbus will explore America And with an amazing taste He therefore brought this plant into Europe And called the new name red pepper, according to the colour of the fruit For planting compared to black pepper (black pepper, Piper nigrum L.) that is commonly grown Subsequently, spread to various countries.

Throughout Asia,  chilli (red) and pepper (black), although the name is called chilli too But strains not associated with a chilli plant in a "family" Solana's Eve (So-lanaceae), as well as tomatoes, potatoes, tobacco, petunia .

pepper arranged in a "currency".Capsicum has more than 25 species, but is commonly grown with only 5 species.

1.C. annum L. The
term annum means annual, meaning annual or annual, popularly planted all over. Earth And easily cross-breeding Thai people are known as chilli peppers

2.C. bacatum L. The
word bacatum means berrylike. This type of chilli is native to Peru and Bolivia. Currently spread throughout South America, including aji,

3.C. chinensis Jacq. The
word chinensis means from China, which is a name that may be misunderstood as a chilli that originated from China. But in fact, the Amazon Basin Then spread to the Caribbean Going to Central America, South America, including the hanabeno chilli, which has been known to be the most spicy.

4.C. frutescens L.
The term frutescens means shrubby of bushy, which means a small shrub. The most prominent peppers in this group are Tabasco peppers, as well as Thai chillies that are spicy, second to none.

5.C. pubescens R. & P. ​​The
term pubescens means hairy originated in Bolivia, but now There are grown throughout the Americas, including rococo chilli peppers for Thailand. There are both very spicy and less spicy. Or some kind of almost non-spicy, such as paprika, paprika, bell peppers, bell peppers etc.


The size and colour of chiili 

The portion of chilli that is eaten is the result, often called granules.
The effect of chilli is different in size and shape, with long, oval, round, or crumpled. Smaller than one centimeter Up to several inches Some types are smaller than the thumb until it's as big as the fist.
The colour of chilli is varied, such as green, red, purple, yellow, orange, white, depending on the species.
The size of the chilli fruit is not related to spicy, such as hot pepper, which is small but hot. "Krishna" in
contrast to paprika that is larger than chilli But less spicy


In what

pepper is chilli, it has a spicy flavour, because it has one substance, capsaicin. Capsaicin
is a natural substance such as alkaloids, colourless, odoruless, resistant to heat and cold.

Therefore,

 boiling, cooking or freezing does not result in spicy loss.
The source of Capsaicin in chilli is inside the fruit or inside the chilli beads. Most of them are in the white core membrane, also known as placenta. Theshells and seeds of the chilli have very little capsaicin.

Which people generally think that the seeds of chilli are the most spicy part
The amount of capsaicin contained in the pepper Respectively called chilli, yellow chilli, paprika, bell pepper and sweet pepperThe good properties of Capsaicin is that it can dissolve well in fat, oil and alcohol. Thai people are familiar with drinking water after eating spicy food.

But water only helps to reduce the burning sensation Does not help reduce the spicy value of chilli, not only spicy, the colour of chilli, whether yellow, orange and red of the result Is a precursor of vitamin A that helps nourish the eyes , In chilli, there is a high amount of vitamin C than the amount of vitamin C in citrus fruits, but vitamin C decomposes when heated. So if you want vitamin C from chilli Must eat fresh peppers


Spicy chilli  


Paprika and risk factors Of cardiovascular disease-Effect on the expansion of blood vessels-Effect on platelet aggregation-Effect on fibrinolysis !!
Paprika and risk factors Of cardiovascular disease-Effect on  blood vessels!   

The spicy taste of chilli is different from spicy to very low, medium and most.
German scientists have invented a method to measure the spicy taste of chili. Can separate groups according to their needs Spicy as follows
1. Haba Nero, Red Savina (Red Savina Habanero) has a spicy 580,000 units, ranked the most spicy in the world.
2. Habanero (Habanero) Spicy levels 200,000-500,000 units.
3. Thai Bired Pepper spicy. 100,000-350,000 units.
4. 30,000-50,000 units of moderate spicy Cayenne
peppers. 5. Bell Pepper or Italian Sweet is not spicy at all, so it has a spicy amount of 0 units.


Benefits of chilli 

Chilli has been used in various fields. For thousands of years, there has been much debate about the amount of chilli consumption.

 May be harmful to health such as gastritis or gastrointestinal diseases The answer is

Eating chilli does not cause any adverse effects. On health, from the study of chilli, past and present, found that Chilli has health benefits as follows:


1. Relieve the flu and breathing more comfortably. 


Capsaicin in chilli helps reduce mucus. Or obstacles to the respiratory system due to flu Sinus or various allergies Helps relieve cough food


2. Reduce clogging of blood vessels


Clogging of blood vessels is a major cause of heart failure. Or death from blood vessels that clog the brain Eating chilli regularly will help reduce the risk of both diseases, helping to improve blood circulation, reduce pressure, because beta carotene and vitamin C help strengthen the blood vessel wall. Increase the elongation of the vessel wall Adjusting to various pressure levels Better


3. Reduce cholesterol content 


Capsaicin helps to prevent the liver from producing bad cholesterol (LDL-low density lipoprotein) while also promoting the production of good cholesterol (HDL-high density lipoprotein). Of lower triglycerides Which is good for health


4. Reduce the risk of cancer. 


Chilli is a plant with high vitamin C. Eating foods that are very vitamin C Will help prevent cancer
Vitamin C inhibits the production of nitrosamines, which are carcinogens in the gastrointestinal tract.

Vitamin C helps build collagen that is a component of cartilage Including as a component of the skin Muscles and lungs Collagen is a protein that can stop the spread of bad cells.

In addition, vitamin C is also an antioxidant. (antioxidant) stops the role of free radicals that cause cell mutations .

The beta carotene in chilli helps reduce the risk of lung cancer and oral cavity.

Because ,

 people who eat less vegetables with beta-carotene have a higher risk of cancer than those who eat vegetables that contain beta carotene up to 7 times higher. Helps reduce cell mutation rate and destroy cancer cells.

5. Relieve pain 

Humans use chilli to relieve pain for a long time, such as reducing toothache. Relieve sore throat And inflammation of the skin .

Capsaicin is currently used as a component of ointments for pain relief due to rash. And redness that occurs on the skin Including pain caused by tendons The pain behind the shingles is shingles. Gout or arthritis .


6. Clear mood 


Capsaicin helps strengthen the mood. Because this material has signals for the pituitary gland to produce endorphin-like substances like morphine. Is to relieve pain Make the mood clear .



7. Protect yourself about


20 years ago. There is a brand of self-defense spray. With chilli as an important ingredient, the spray mentioned here does not cause life threatening But if injected directly into the eye, it may cause an invisible 2-3 minutes long duration Does not make the spicy of chilli fade away.

At the same time, discovering the medicinal properties of chilli that can be used as a recipe for various symptoms. That happens to the body of our people .


Do not overlook the "spicy" and "small" size hot pepper.

************************************ ************************************************** *********

Thanks for the information and reference.
1. Khun Pornsadisayabut,
Institute of Science and Technology of Thailand
2. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Promjit Sornlump,
Faculty of Pharmacy Mahidol University
3.UPDATE August 2003
4. Herbal Information Center
Faculty of Pharmacy Mahidol University
5. Herbs book ... Folk wood Book 3

************************************* ************************************************** ********
Know the properties of peppers

Capsicum frutescens Linn.
Family Solanaceae

Other names
: Crepe Deli, Dili, Chili Peppers, Chili Peppers, Chili Peppers, Chili Peppers, Chili Peppers, Sashimi
Hand, Sausage Sauce, Fermented Pork .

Botanical characteristics,
30-90 cm tall herbaceous, single, alternate, oval or elliptical, 2-4 cm long, 3-8 cm long,
base on the base of the leaves, 2 to 3 bouquets, white or light green flowers The result is a fresh, green colour when ripe, turning to a red orange colour.

Properties of the 
leaves to cure the itching caused by ants, the fire,
the driving effect , help to appetite. Gout treatment
Do not specify the part used Solve toxic bites, expel the intestines, cure cough, cure phlegm, cure sore throat, cure indigestion. Solve boredom Nourishing elements as a stimulant Reduce rheumatoid arthritis symptoms .

Pharmacological effects of
diuretic causes allergic reactions of the skin, killing earthworms, mutations. Stimulate bile production Reduce cholesterol Inhibit free radicals, toxic to the eyes, toxic to rats Reinforce barbiturate Inhibit the formation of antigen of Epstein-Barr virus affecting the central nervous system Cause contraction of the intestine, squeeze the uterus, stimulate inflammation Inhibit the absorption of sugar in the gastrointestinal tract Increases the acidity in the stomach Reduce the amount of fat in the liver, relieve pain.

ฟ้า Chilli peppers,
Capsicum annuum Linn.
Wong Acuminatum

, botanical characteristics,
30-100 cm tall herbaceous plant,
single leaf, alternate, oval or lanceolate, 3-5 cm wide, 6-8 cm long, base and tip of pointed
leaves, smooth leaves, single flowers Axillary White petals are connected together as short tubes. The end of the junction is a 5-pointed mouth with
a fresh, cylindrical shape, 6-12 cm long. When ripe, red or yellow, orange, round, flat, white, there are many seeds.

Properties 
not specified parts used Expel in gastrointestinal diseases Cure flatulence, relieve lumbar pain
Pharmacological effects 
Stimulate intestinal motility


Piper nigrum Linn.
Piperaceae

Other names,
Little Pepper, Black perpper, Pepper

The botanical 
Solid wood vine creeping on the roots of the single leaf, alternating with oval, rounded leaves or heart-shaped, pointed tip, wide, 5-14 cm
long, 13-18 centimeters. No calyx and petals The edge of the blade is shaped like a sword. Fresh fruit, round shape When cooked red .

Properties of 
roots, nourishing elements, phlegm, wind solution in the intestines, helping digestion Solve the wind, dizziness, relieve the stomach, expel the wind, help appetite,
leaves the wind, colic tight. Solve the pain in the stomach. Solve insomnia,
vine, expel the stomach, nourish the elements, help digestion,
seed, cure colic, distension, expel in the intestine, help appetite.
Do not specify the part used to cure the flu, cure diarrhea, cure indigestion

Pharmacological effects 
Antibacterial Stimulate the growth of bacteria Inhibit intestinal spasms Expand the coronary artery Increase bile secretion Protect the liver from toxins, relieve pain, reduce inflammation, inhibit the growth of insect embryos


Capsicum annuum Linn.
Solanaceae family
Other names
Chilli pepper, chilli plant, Garden pepper, Paprika, Red pepper, Spanish pepper

The botanical 
Single season herbaceous plant Or shrub, small, 0.5-1.5 meters tall, stems erect, branching very much
Single leaves, alternating oval, 5-8 cm long, 10-16 cm long, base of leaves and tip of the pointed leaves
The petiole can be up to 10 centimeters in length. The leaves are smooth, single-leaf, and axillary. White petals are connected together.
Is a bell shape, or a tip of the mouth, separated into 5-7 lobes. Fresh fruit has many shapes and sizes. Often up to 30 cm wide cone when the light is green, cream, yellow or purple when ripe turn red, orange, yellow, brown or yellow flat beans shield

properties 
result expel the bloating inflation. It is an appetite enhancer, nourishing the heart, applying it, being massaged for red heat. Helps digestion Fix arthritis Relieve pain
Do not specify the diuretic part to cure venereal disease, maintain blood

, pharmacological effects
Antibacterial, anti-fungal, kill parasites, treat stomach ulcers.
Stimulate the production of red blood cells Reduce triglyceride levels and cholesterol
Reduce blood pressure Increase the acid secretion of the stomach


Piper cubeba Linn.
Piperaceae

Other names
Cubeb, Tailed pepper

The botanical 
Solid wood vine, single leaf, alternate, oval-shaped, pointed tip, base, heart-shaped leaves, crooked
Flower bouquet of flowers, lower, axillary, white flowers, no calyx and petals, fresh, round shape, brown.

Properties 

roots periodic maintenance to remove toxic swelling Gonorrhea urine disability
resulting diuretic disinfection system, urinary and reproductive systems pituitary appetite, carminative as a monthly fever maintain blood wound fresh
beans , diuretic cure dark blood. expel intestinal swelling to neutralise Inquirer for venereal maintenance element

does not specify the use of a diuretic, carminative periodic maintenance.

Pharmacological effects 

Antibacterial, anti-fungal, anti-viral Kill insect larvae Cause skin irritation Reduce blood pressure



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Paprika and risk factors Of cardiovascular disease-Effect on blood vessels! Paprika and risk factors Of cardiovascular disease-Effect on  blood vessels!   Reviewed by Health-nutrition-fitness.net on May 16, 2019 Rating: 5

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