Healing effect of exercise in type 2 diabetes mellitus ! - Health-Nutrition-Fitness.net Aware to know management of Health , fitness, nutrition in detail .

Healing effect of exercise in type 2 diabetes mellitus !

Healing effect of exercise in type 2 diabetes mellitus !


Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas. Insulin ensures that glucose is transported from the bloodstream into the body's cells.

In the body cells, the glucose is burned to provide energy, or converted to glycogen, or converted to fat.

 In type 2 diabetes mellitus, the body cells are more insensitive to insulin, which means that more insulin is needed to get a little glucose into the cells and / or the pancreas produces less insulin.

 Due to the factors mentioned, the blood glucose level rises above 7 mmol / L; this is referred to as diabetes mellitus.

 Possible consequences of type 2 diabetes mellitus include a diabetic foot, amputation, blindness and cardiovascular disease.

Insulin resistance, insulin insensitivity and insulin sensitivity

insulin  produced by the β cells of the islets of Langerhans of the pancreas.

 Insulin is produced by the pancreas as soon as the pancreas detects high blood glucose with glucose receptors.

 Insulin ensures that glucose is transported from the blood, in particular to muscle, fat and liver cells.

In these cells, glucose can be burned, converted to body starch glycogen, or converted to fat.

Insulin reduces blood glucose by binding to insulin receptors on the cell surface of muscle, fat and liver cells.

The glucose receptors then take care of the transport of glucose transporters (called GLUT4) to the cell surface (cell membrane). GLUT4 provides glucose transport from the bloodstream into the cell on the cell membrane.

When there is insulin resistance, or insulin insensitivity, there are fewer and / or less functioning insulin receptors and / or less GLUT4 available on the cell membrane.

Inflammation factors produced by the fat cells also cause insulin to function poorly, causing insulin resistance.

With insulin resistance, more insulin must be produced by the pancreas to get a small amount of glucose into the cells.

With a high insulin sensitivity, little insulin is needed to get a lot of glucose from the bloodstream into the cells.

With a high insulin sensitivity, there are many well-functioning insulin receptors that already cause a large transport of GLUT4 to the cell surface with a small concentration of insulin in the blood.

A high insulin sensitivity is observed in lean, fit people, such as athletes and people who do a lot of physically demanding work.

 Insulin resistance is to bend into high insulin sensitivity by moving a lot and / or losing weight.


Type 2 diabetics cannot exercise regularly well on


Type 2 diabetics cannot exercise well on a regular basis. We call this limited tolerance for exertion with type 2 diabetics exercise exertion tolerance.

This exercise intolerance in type 2 diabetics results in a rapid fatigue, a rapid rise in heart rate, or a limited increase in heart rate, rapid acidification and a strong blood glucose level response to insulin.

 However,

 this last reaction is desirable, but can lead to hypoglycaemia (low blood glucose) when the type 2 diabetic insulin injects.

The low exercise tolerance in type 2 diabetics is partly caused by hereditary factors, but the most important factors that cause the low exercise tolerance are an inactive lifestyle, low fitness and overweight.
However,

it is good news that almost every type 2 diabetic is easily trainable and quickly adapts to regular exercise, the exercise tolerance decreases rapidly and the type 2 diabetic is increasingly able to exercise longer and more intensively.

Insulin sensitivity is also increasing and this can ultimately lead to a cure for diabetes.

This means that the type 2 diabetic no longer needs medication or has to inject insulin.

Anyway, regular exercise and exercise is very good for the type 2 diabetic.


Insulin


sensitivity due to exercise and exercise increases due to various factors To maximise insulin sensitivity with type 2 diabetics, it is recommended to do endurance training for at least 60 minutes a day and to do heavy strength training at least twice a week.

Heavy strength training for type 2 diabetics consists of a training with heavy large exercises (bench press, leg press, leg extension, lat pulley), where 3 to 4 sets per exercise is done with 8 to 12 repetitions at 80% of the maximum strength.

Insulin sensitivity due to exercise and exercise increases due to various factors. These various factors are described below.


Insulin sensitivity increases due to weight loss


Regular intensive endurance and strength training can result in weight loss. Weight loss causes a decrease in the inflammatory factors in the blood.

 As previously described, these inflammatory factors are produced by the fat cells.

 With weight loss, the fat cells start producing fewer inflammatory factors, which means that insulin will eventually function better again.

In addition, large fat cells convert glucose into lactate instead of absorbing and burning the glucose.

 Lactate is converted by the liver in gluco-neo-genesis (new formation of glucose) into glucose, which increases the blood glucose level.

When the fat cells become smaller, they are better able to absorb and burn the glucose.

Finally,

the fat burning of the muscle cells ensures a better transport of GLUT4 to the cell membrane, so that glucose can be absorbed better.


Insulin sensitivity increases due to the burning of glycogen


When exercising and exercising, the muscle cells burn the body starch glycogen.

In addition, the liver cells convert glycogen into glucose, which is subsequently burned by the muscles.

 After exercise, the glycogen must be replenished by absorbing glucose from the blood and converting it into glycogen.

After exercise, less insulin is needed to transport a lot of GLUT4 to the cell membrane where GLUT4 absorbs glucose from the blood.


Insulin sensitivity increases due to better blood flow to muscles during and after exercise.


During and after exercise, blood flow to muscles increases. This better blood flow ensures that insulin can reach all corners of the muscles.

As a result, all insulin receptors are reached to the maximum, so that much more GLUT4 eventually reaches the cell membrane.



Insulin sensitivity increases due to a larger muscle mass


By doing heavy strength training regularly, the muscle mass increases.

The muscles can be considered as a storage shed of glycogen and therefore glucose.

 As the muscle mass increases, so does the stock barn of glycogen and more glucose can be stored from the blood as glycogen.

In addition, a large muscle mass ensures a greater burning of glycogen during exercise and rest, as a result of which more net glucose is burned and more glucose also has to be transported into the muscle cell.


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Healing effect of exercise in type 2 diabetes mellitus ! Healing effect of exercise in type 2 diabetes mellitus ! Reviewed by Health-nutrition-fitness.net on May 07, 2019 Rating: 5

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