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Why are fat people fat and thin people thin? Responsible foods !



Why are fat people fat and thin people thin? Responsible foods !
Why are fat people fat and thin people thin? Responsible foods !

The cause of overweight is an imbalance between energy intake (calorie intake; eating) and energy consumption (due to exercise, among other things).

 By eating more calories than by burning, a positive energy balance is created and people get fat.

Obesity can be caused by certain medicines and a slow-acting thyroid gland. Overweight is usually a result of lifestyle and genes.

On the one hand, thin people appear to have less talent for becoming fat. Thin people fill up faster and move more.

Thin people also increase their resting metabolism more and increase their muscle mass more with an excessive calorie intake.

Finally,

 thin people convert extra calories into fat less quickly and thin people unconsciously make healthier food choices.

Fat people can lose weight by consciously doing those things that thin people do more unconsciously.


People with a tendency to get fat survive longer


Very long ago there were times of abundance and times of scarcity. In times of abundance it was useful to be able to eat a lot and store a lot of fat in order to have a fat supply.

In times of scarcity, the large fat supply provided extra energy to increase the chance of survival.

 People who had a great aptitude to eat a lot and store a lot of fat had a greater chance of surviving.

These people with the aptitude (the right genes) to get fat survived the times of scarcity, while the people with no aptitude to get fat died.

Survivor of the fattest


The people with the most tendency to get fat, had offspring (children) who also had a greater tendency to get fat.

 Ultimately, today's modern people are incredibly good at eating a lot of calories in a short time; to store up to 1500 calories in fifteen minutes and the excess calories well in fat (1500 calories is about three-quarters of a person's daily calorie requirement) People with the best tendency to get fat can survive the best periods with scarcity.

Evolution turns against man

From an evolutionary point of view, the predisposition to get fat provides a major benefit for survival.

However,
social development goes much faster than human evolutionary development and the well-adapted genes turn against us.

In our current society there is a lot of high-calorie food in abundance at a very low price. It is therefore made very easy for humans to eat a lot in a short time and made it difficult to exercise a lot.

In general, many people will fall prey to their extremely well-adapted genes and become fat. Some people have such highly adapted genes and get fat even faster if they eat too much.

There are, however, exceptions to the generally well-adjusted person. Some people are not good at eating much in a short period of time and are full after eating, eat less calorie-rich food, find calorie-rich food less tasty and store fat less efficiently.

Being able to eat the FTO gene and more

One of the genes that has been highly modified during our evolution is the FTO (Fat mass and Obesity associated gene) gene.

 The FTO gene largely regulates hunger and satiety. An alteration (mutation) in the FTO gene ensures that people start eating again faster after a meal.

People with the mutation in the FTO gene are less saturated after a meal and are hungry more quickly than people who do not have the mutation in the FTO gene.

Fat people more often have a mutation in the FTO gene, thin people do not

People with a mutation in the FTO gene are more likely to be seriously overweight than thin people. Thin people appear to be almost unable to eat too much.

 Even when thin people are forced to eat more calories, it appears to be almost impossible for them. Thin people fill up faster and are less hungry.

Thin people choose healthier and responsible foods

Thin people are less sensitive to their environment in making food choices and are more aware of their food choices.

Obesogenic environment; eat a lot of fat and do not exercise

In our current environment it is very easy to eat a lot of calories (chips, snacks, chocolate) and not to move. Such an environment is called an obesogenic environment.

Overweight people appear to be much more sensitive to their obesogenic environment than thin people.

People who allow their environment to be tempted to eat calorie-rich food and inactivity more quickly than people who can resist their obesogenic environment.

Thin people appear to make the conscious choice to resist the obesogenic environment and make the choice to eat lots of vegetables, fruit, whole-grain products, low-fat dairy and meat and fish and to exercise a lot.

Thin people cannot sit still and want to move and exercise

Thin people often appear to have the genetic predisposition to want to exercise a lot. The urge to want to move a lot appears to be largely hereditary and therefore stuck in the genes.

 In addition to the mutation in the FTO gene that often leads to overeating, the urge to exercise a lot or not much appears to be hereditary.

People who want to exercise a lot and have the urge to exercise a lot (sports), largely owe their genes to that. However, the urge to move a lot is not enough.

You must also respond to the urge to want to exercise a lot. People with the urge to exercise a lot, however, often exercise a lot more, burn more calories and don't get too fat quickly.


Thin people make more involuntary movements

In addition to the fact that thin people often have the urge to exercise a lot, thin people also appear to make more involuntary movements (fidgetting in English).

 Involuntary movements are, for example, being unable to sit still with one leg, or always tapping with a finger.

Thin people make more involuntary movements. Thin people also make more involuntary movements when they have eaten too many calories and they even increase energy consumption through involuntary movements.

People who no longer make involuntary movements as soon as they have eaten too many calories have a greater chance of becoming fat because they do not burn the surplus of eaten calories.

Thin people have a more inefficient combustion

The total energy consumption can be divided into resting metabolism, specifically dynamic functioning and energy consumption through physical activity.

Rest metabolism

Resting metabolism is determined by all the calories that are burned to keep the body functioning at rest.

Specific dynamic operation

Specific dynamic effect is the amount of calories that is burned during the digestion, absorption and transport of nutrients in the body.

When people eat too many calories than they need, the body has two choices; or try to burn as many calories as possible, or convert the surplus of calories into fat.

People with little tendency to get fat burn up to 30% of the surplus of eaten calories, while people with much tendency to get fat, only 5% burn of the surplus of eaten calories.

So thin people store only 70% of overeaten calories as fat, while overweight people store 95% of overeaten calories as fat.

However, it is also the case that a surplus of calories in the form of proteins is burned more easily and stored less quickly as a fat supply.

 A surplus of calories in the form of fat is stored almost immediately in the fat stock. Thin people appear to eat protein-rich more often, so that the extra calories eaten are burned faster.

 Fat people appear to eat fat more often, which means that the extra calories eaten are stored as fat faster.

Thin people convert too many calories into muscles

When thin people eat too many calories, they appear to convert the proteins in the diet more easily into extra muscles (muscle mass), where fat people convert the excess calories into fat.

 When the proteins are converted into muscle mass in thin people, this has a double advantage.

 On the one hand, converting proteins into muscles costs more energy. This increases the metabolism. On the other hand, the extra amount of muscle mass increases the resting metabolism, which increases the burning of calories.

Thin people become thin due to stress, fat people become fat due to stress

When people are stressed, they often see two opposite reactions to dietary intake.

More food due to stress

Some people with a lot of stress actually eat more and often also eat unhealthy high-calorie foods.

Less food due to stress

Other people with a lot of stress eat much less. When people with stress belong to the second group, they will lose weight, in contrast to people from the first group who will actually become fat due to
stress.

Cold and getting fat

There is a special kind of cold virus, the adenovirus 36, which is found more often in fat people than in thin people. It is thought that this virus stimulates fat cells to store more fat and to share faster, allowing more fat to be stored.

Cold cause, or consequence of getting fat

However, it is unclear whether there is a causal relationship between adenovirus 36 and becoming fat. It is not clear whether the virus really leads to obesity. Fat people are also sick more often and as a result may become infected by the specific virus and the virus is not the cause of being fat.

What can fat people learn from thin people to lose weight?


Not only aptitude and behaviour lead to overweight

In addition to the hereditary and behavioural factors, certain thyroid disorders and medicines can also lead to obesity. A slow thyroid gland (hypothyroidism), for example, leads to a slow metabolism and therefore low energy consumption.

People with low energy use get fat faster with a certain calorie intake than people with normal energy use. Certain medicines, such as certain types of antidepressants (Lithium) and Beta blockers, can either increase calorie intake or reduce energy consumption. The chance of becoming overweight increases.

Heredity affects behaviour when developing overweight

As described above, a number of factors that cause thin people to be thin are hereditary. Thus the feeling of satiety, feeling of hunger and the urge to move is hereditary.
However,

 these factors strongly influence someone's behaviour.

 So someone ultimately chooses to eat more and eat the bad, high-calorie things.

People can become more aware of how much they eat and exercise and consciously try to influence this.

People can also choose to do more strength sports in order to build more muscle mass and thus increase the metabolism.

Furthermore,

stress can be handled in a different way instead of eating away from it. For example, exercising more is a good way to deal with stress. By moving more instead of eating away the stress, the knife cuts on both sides.


After all, someone can be more prone or sensitive to becoming fat. In the end, people make their own choice as to what they eat and how much they exercise.

Making the right wise conscious choice day in, day out and not expecting fast results from a healthy diet and new training schedule will make you lose weight and a healthy weight is almost inevitable.

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Why are fat people fat and thin people thin? Responsible foods ! Why are fat people fat and thin people thin? Responsible foods ! Reviewed by Health-nutrition-fitness.net on May 08, 2019 Rating: 5

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