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Nutritional supplements for pregnant women health-nutrition-fitness.

Let's discover the secrets of nutritional supplementation during pregnancy.



Nutritional supplements for pregnant women  health-nutrition-fitness.
Nutritional supplements for pregnant women  health-nutrition-fitness.



If you plan to have a baby and are concerned about your diet during pregnancy, we have prepared a list of nutritional supplements suitable for pregnant women.


In an important phase such as pregnancy, food plays a fundamental role. From the moment of conception , the woman's body undergoes a series of physiological changes to accommodate and provide the future child with an environment equipped with everything necessary for its proper development.


It is a phase in which more energy is needed, and in which the request of the various micronutrients is increased by the body.


We want to remind you of the importance of adapting and adapting these nutrients to the specific needs of this phase and to the individual characteristics of each woman. The lack or excesses of one of them can cause, among the various consequences, preeclampsia , congenital anomalies and abortions.


Since sometimes the normal diet is not enough to cover all nutritional needs, it is necessary to resort to nutritional supplements. Obviously, this must be done under the supervision of a professional doctor.

Let's find out what micronutrients are needed during pregnancy:


Folic acid or vitamin B9




Its deficiency during embryo development, in addition to other complications, is related to neural tube defects, congenital heart defects and abortions.

If the pregnancy is scheduled, you should start supplementing one month before conception and continue taking it until the end of the first trimester.



diet during pregnancy nutritional supplements


The recommended dose in risk-free pregnancies is 0.4 milligrams a day, a measure that is increased up to 5 milligrams a day in patients at risk.
You should know that folic acid does not accumulate in the body. So if you want to benefit from its protective effect, you have to take it every day.


Furthermore, regardless of integration, it is recommended that all pregnant women consume foods rich in folic acid, such as:
  • Green leafy vegetables (spinach and chard).
  • Legumes.
  • Fresh fruit.
  • Yeast.
  • Dried fruit.
Since folic acid is very affected by the effect of heat during cooking, it is recommended to consume fruit and raw vegetables to avoid losing it.

Nutritional supplements: iodine

It is an essential micronutrient in the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Furthermore, it is necessary for proper brain and mental development, as well as for the development of bones, lungs and heart during fetal and neonatal life.

Iodine deficiency is the main (but preventable) cause of brain lesions of the fetus and infants , and of the delay of psychomotor development in young children.

During pregnancy, her request increases by 20%, which is why it is recommended to supplement 200 micrograms a day, in addition to the consumption of normal iodised salt.


The iron


Iron has to do with hemoglobin, so, among other things, it is essential for oxygen transport.
Changes in blood occur during pregnancy. Without a sufficient supply of iron , one of the most frequent pathologies of pregnant women can be incurred: iron deficiency anemia.
Iron deficiency is linked to premature birth and reduced physical and neurological development of newborns. Furthermore, one is more exposed to infectious diseases and the possibility of perinatal mortality.

Therefore, to avoid depleting the mother's iron reserves, the integration of this micronutrient must be considered a preventive measure starting from the second trimester. However, the assessment must be personalised because integration in women who already have adequate iron reserves could pose risks.

Calcium, another nutritional supplement


It is the most abundant element in the body. Its deficiency is associated with premature births, bone demineralisation and preeclampsia .


During pregnancy the need for this mineral increases, but it is also true that the woman's body is able to absorb 40% more than normal conditions. For this reason, supplementation is recommended only to those pregnant women who have insufficient calcium intake .




man embraces pregnant woman nutritional supplements


Multivitamins


As for the use of multivitamin supplements, they are not currently recommended. There is no evidence to bring greater benefits than normal fruit and vegetable intake. Furthermore, some nutrients interact with each other by interfering with the absorption process.


Other nutritional supplements


There are other micronutrients ( vitamin A , D, C, E ...) whose demands increase during pregnancy. As a general rule, we can say that their integration is not recommended. Through the food you eat, you can safely cover your daily needs.



Finally, it must be emphasised that some vitamins - such as A and D - in excess have toxic effects for both mother and child. Therefore, they should never be integrated without a doctor's supervision.


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Nutritional supplements for pregnant women health-nutrition-fitness. Nutritional supplements for pregnant women  health-nutrition-fitness. Reviewed by Health-nutrition-fitness.net on July 18, 2019 Rating: 5

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